Grant Giving Guidelines

 

PCPD’s priorities for grant giving for 2015-2020 focus on two tracks:

1.      To address the unmet need for family planning services of women, men, and young people and help them attain their fertility objectives; and

2.      To generate knowledge on the two population and development concerns of (a) internal and external migration; and (b) the demographic dividend, especially as it relates to young people in the labor force and the continued participation of older people in productive work.

 

Addressing unmet need

PCPD provides grants to projects that deliver family planning services to those who want to limit or space their childbearing but who are not currently using any contraceptive method – those who are with unmet need for family planning.

The services included in the proposed project should cost around PhP 1,100 per new acceptor. However, PCPD will not pay the full cost of the project. Instead, it encourages the partner to allocate counterpart funding as well as tap complementary budgetary sources such as the Department of Health, the Commission on Population, the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation, local government units, or organizations from the private sector. It should also have a sustainability plan indicating how it will ensure that the learning from the project, or even the project itself, will be integrated in existing mechanisms on family planning service delivery.

A periodic report is required from the partner on the progress of the project’s implementation, including how the deliverables specified in the Grant Agreement between PCPD and the partner are being accomplished. Project monitoring would also include onsite visit from the PCPD staff, orientation visits from PCPD Board of Trustees and members, or discussions on the project between the partner and PCPD during meetings.

PCPD’s priority of focusing on providing family planning services to those with unmet need is meant to contribute in raising the contraceptive prevalence rate of women of reproductive age. A rise in CPR directly impacts on the country’s total fertility rate.  Although the country’s population has been decreasing through the years, its total fertility rate of 3.09 children per woman is still higher than the ideal replacement rate of two children per woman.

Aside from preventing pregnancies that are too early or too many, too closely spaced or too late, contraceptive use has benefits for maternal and child health, especially with regard to their reproductive health care. This happens to be one of the pressing concerns of the Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Law.

 

Migration and demographic dividend

Migration is increasingly a global phenomenon, but it has local consequences and impacts, especially when linked to overseas Filipino workers. In both external and internal migration, people cross borders or transfer from one province to another in search of better economic and social opportunities. Significant numbers of women migrants, including OFWs, are women of reproductive age.

Aside from fertility, migration is the other population process that PCPD addresses, this time under its program of Knowledge Management. The expectation is to be able to generate evidence-based data that would increase understanding of migration issues that PCPD can use in formulating policies and programs to anchor its support of the implementation of the RPRH Law, among others.

Another area of study for PCPD is the demographic dividend ensuing from changes in the age structure of the country’s population.

The age structure in most countries all over the world has created a rare window of opportunity for them to experience rapid economic growth over a relatively long period (Mapa DS 2015).  Following the theory of the demographic transition, there will be a turning point when a country that has high fertility and mortality rates will experience low fertility and mortality rates. During this period, the working-age population is greater than the young and old dependent population. With fewer people to support, appropriate social and economic policies in place, and the right investments made, there is a window of opportunity to spur economic growth and development, considered as the first demographic dividend.  

Lasting for a generation or so, the gains of the first demographic dividend can be transformed into a second demographic dividend if middle-aged workers are able to save for their retirement and to accumulate assets such as properties and funded pensions during their working years. This lessens their dependence on government and their families and allows them to be financially independent once they reach old age. As in the first demographic dividend, sound financial policies and mechanisms must be implemented to allow older people to accumulate capital and savings they can allocate for productive investments and secure their financial future (Lee and Mason 2006).

The democratic dividend is linked to declines in fertility levels, one of PCPD’s strategic priorities. As such, this makes it an important area of study for PCPD.

 

Sources:

Mapa, D.S.  (2015.) “Demographic Sweet Spot and Dividend in the Philippines: The Window of Opportunity is Closing Fast (preliminary draft – for discussion only).” United Nations Population Fund, Manila.

Lee, Ronald and Mason, Andrew. (2006). What is the Demographic Dividend? Finance and Development, 43(3). Retrieved from http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2006/09/basics.htm